How to become a private jet pilot? This is the question that many enthusiasts ask themselves. Whether you are 13, 20, 35 or older, you can start now to prepare the license and qualifications that will allow you to become a private jet pilot. In this article, AEROAFFAIRES explains all the steps you need to follow in order to take off.
Why become a private jet pilot?
Private jet pilot is a job that engenders many responsibilities: beyond the transport of passengers or freight, you will be responsible for establishing the flight plan, checking and preparing the aircraft, ensuring the comfort and quality of service, but above all the safety of the passengers.
It is a job carried out by a large majority of passionate people because it also involves sacrifices. Unlike airline pilots, you won’t receive your schedule a month in advance but will often be called upon at the last minute for example.
According to François-Valéry Vannimenus, pilot of the private jet Citation 2, the skills required to be a good pilot are, among others, “to be orderly, to easily find your way around space, to be open and to listen to others”. You may also be asked to be very discreet when transporting personalities.
Finally, it is a physically, professionally and personally demanding job. Before starting any training procedure, make sure that you are fit for this job by having a Class 1 medical examination. This visit will then be done on a regular basis.
How do I become a private jet pilot?
Becoming a private jet pilot requires a professional license. In France, the Commercial Pilot License (CPL) is the one that allows you to be paid while flying. It is obtained by validating 200 hours of flight. At the same time, you must pass the theoretical ATPL, or “frozen ATPL”, which includes 14 certificates.
These prerequisites allow you to start your career as a co-pilot, or first-officer. To become a captain, it is necessary to subsequently validate the practical ATPL, i.e. 1500 hours of flight time. However, having your CPL is not enough to take off on most aircrafts. For this, additional qualifications are required, such as the night flight or instrument rating ones, which allow you to fly in particular weather conditions.
Finally, you need to pass a type rating to specialize on a particular type of aircraft. The initial training of a pilot for private aviation is therefore the same as that of a pilot for commercial aviation. The difference is in the complementary qualifications to pass. In a company, the regulations only allow a maximum of three type ratings.
You will not need the MCC license (multi crew coordination), which is required for airline pilots who work with a crew.
What about the training?
In France, there are three types of training to pass the license to become a pilot. They all require having obtained the baccalaureate and validated two years of higher education, with some exceptions. The baccalaureate can be a general, professional or technological one. Most interested students then pursue scientific or engineering studies (in France: CPEG, licenses, DUT, BTS), before choosing a training to become a pilot. They have three options:
- The state sector: training is free but difficult to integrate. It takes place at the École Nationale de l’Aviation Civile (ENAC).
- The military sector: you can be recruited by the three armies (air, land, sea), either by passing a competitive examination after two years of preparatory class (you will be a career officer), or just after your baccalaureate (you will be a contract officer). You will be able to reconvert to the private sector after 10 years of service.
- The private sector: there are many private schools in France and abroad. You can also choose between two types of training. The first is the “cadet” training; some airlines offer to finance all or part of your degree and then hire you afterwards. Air France is one of them and this option is also offered abroad. The second is independent training. Independent training varies depending on the airline and is very expensive. One of the advantages is to be able to spread your training by taking it, if you wish, in the form of modules.
What do I do in the meantime?
No matter your age, you can already start preparing, for theory and/or practice.
In France, you can obtain your Brevet d’initiation aéronautique (BIA) at the age of 13 to familiarize yourself with some aeronautical histories and theories. Then comes the Brevet de base (at 15 years old), during which you learn how to operate a light aircraft. You can take your Private Pilot License (PPL) from the age of 16. It is a non-professional license, which allows you to validate 45 hours of flight time in any club, as well as to obtain the SPE rating (single piston engine).
Finally, in order to distinguish yourself you can also pass additional training as an operations agent or aeronautical technician for instance.
How much does a private jet pilot earn?
The salary you earn will depend on the airline that employs you, your experience and seniority. At Air France-KLM, the salary varies between €4,000 and €11,000 per month for a co-pilot; it can go up to €18,500 for a captain. The salary of a pilot in business aviation will generally be higher than that of a pilot in commercial aviation.