A turboprop plane is one of the many types of aircraft. It uses a gas turbine engine to turn a propeller, which generates thrust and propels the airplane through the air. Unlike a jet engine, which produces thrust through the high-velocity exhaust of hot gases, a turboprop engine uses a combination of a gas turbine engine and a gearbox to transfer power to the propeller.
Turboprop planes are commonly used for short to medium-haul flights and can carry up to around 70 passengers. They are known for their ability to operate from shorter runways than a jet airplane, making them well-suited for regional and remote airports. They are also often used for military applications, such as transport and surveillance.
The main shortcoming of turboprop and twin-turboprop planes is that the noise and vibration caused by turbines are quite disturbing in comparison to those that can be observed in turbojet-engine aircraft. This can also depend on the aircraft’s fuselage.